This book achieves the ambitious aim of showing dentists how to create conservative and esthetic direct restorations of posterior teeth using composite resin. The book begins with a primer on occlusal anatomy, describing the specifics of each type of posterior tooth. This foundation supports the diagnosis and treatment of lesions, isolation, and cavity preparation for the buildup, as well as modeling, detailing, and finishing of restorations that closely mimic natural tooth anatomy for optimal esthetics and function. Numerous clinical tips and case examples are provided, and the procedural rationale is supported by scientific evidence, in addition to the authors’ considerable clinical experience. Techniques for a wide range of clinical scenarios are presented to provide practitioners with the information they need to achieve optimal restorations.